Facebook / ADA National Network
President Bush signs the ADA into law in 1990.
When some think of disability, the image that springs to mind is a person in a wheelchair. But when Melanie Cawthon, director of San Antonio-based disABILITYsa
, hears the word, she pictures a whole range of people, from those with sight and hearing impairments to mental health disorders.
“Where we need to improve in our society is how we personally frame the term disability in our head,” Cawthon told the Current
. “That is going to move forward our community leaps and bounds.”
Sunday marks the 30th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, which President George H.W. Bush signed into law July 26, 1990. The act bans discrimination against people with disabilities and regulates equal access in four main areas: employment, public facilities, businesses and telecommunications.
While that may sound like common decency and fairness today, it required a strenuous fight by disability-rights advocates. In addition to lobbying and advocacy, it required protests such as the “Capitol Crawl,” in which people left their wheelchairs to climb the stairs of the U.S. Capitol.
While there's been progress for people with disabilities since then, the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted a continued lack of accommodations, advocates argue. Recent lawsuits have accused employers, educators and healthcare providers of violating the ADA as they transitioned to online or socially distant operations.
For instance, classroom and business meetings often lack captions or sign language interpretation. Some websites with critical information aren't compatible with screen readers. Additionally, some people with disabilities have been cut off from professional caregivers as social distancing requires them to stay home.
The pandemic is also more dangerous to those with disabilities, in part because as many as 25 state departments of health
factor in a person’s “baseline functional status," a person's physical ability, when deciding whether to give a person a ventilator.
Pexels / Marcus Aurelius
The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted concerns about whether employers are accommodating workers with disabilities.
On Friday, the Governor's Committee on People with Disabilities hosted a virtual conference
featuring activists and mayors from cities across Texas. Gabe Cazares, director of the Houston Mayor’s Office for People with Disabilities, said he is working with the city to find a way to ensure people with disabilities don't get left behind during this time.
“My generation, generation ADA, has benefited greatly from the passage of the ADA,” Cazares said during the conference. “But, like many other folks, the COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare the shortcomings and the areas where my generation needs to pick up the torch and carry us forward.”
Cawthon said the pandemic further shows the need to shift our way of thinking about disability. She said medical impairments don't have to equal an inability to participate, provided government and society account for individual differences.
“The way that we plan and construct things all create the disability for the person who might have a physical, developmental or sensory impairment,” Cawthon said. “If we took people and the consideration of these people into the forefront of our strategy, we could eliminate a lot of the environmental, attitudinal and communication barriers that make life challenging for a person living with a disability.”
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